Edinburgh is a prime example of road manipulation which has gone to far. When the original planners put in the ‘New Town’ in the 1850’s, no-one would think of making horses go for the distances that car drivers are now expected to travel to get from one one side of the city to another, in some cases trying to get to the next street can take half a mile by car, and this is before the tram debacle. The problem extends to other cities in the UK, you can see your destination, but you can’t reach it due to the number of one-way signs.
The government could easily do an exercise to prove the costs in fuel by looking at the delivery distances from thirty years ago within cities and today. By multiplying these costs I am convinced the cost to business, and to the environment in fuel usage will be substantial.